The Santa Fe was possibly America's most popular railroad and surely one particular of the most prosperous. Freight and passengers rode more than the Santa Fe rails type the 1860s till 1995 when the AT & SF merged with Burlington Northern to type the Burlington Northern Santa Fe railroad.
The Santa Fe became one particular of the strongest rail carriers in North America, it served as a distribution technique for imports, exports, meals items and manufactured goods made in the United States. For all it is successes as a freight carrier, the Santa Fe was most remembered for its fleet of fashionable passenger trains, quite a few of which ran till 1971. The railroads very first passenger train was the 1892 inauguration of the California Restricted, which was the premier train on the road's Chicago-Los Angeles route. This was followed by the 1911 debut of the added-fare De Luxe involving Chicago and Los Angeles, then, on November 14, 1926, a legend was born, the Chief, a different added-fare Chicago-Los Angeles Train. All 3 of these lines had been pulled by steam locomotives.
Santa Fe was intrigued by the prospect of dieselization and believed diesel-electric energy was a fantastic way to reduce charges on its desert operations, exactly where water for steam locomotives was at a premium. On Could 12, 1936, the railroad introduced the all-sleeping-car or truck Super Chief, however a different entry in the Chicago-Los Angeles marketplace, and the very first to be non-steam-powered, becoming pulled by a pair of diesel locomotives constructed by Basic Motors-owned Electro-Motive Corporation (EMC). Santa Fe's EMC boxcabs, exactly where popularly recognized as The Twins and are typically regarded as the very first commercially constructed higher-speed passenger diesels. With diesel energy the train was capable to make the two,000 mile trip in just 39 hours and 45 minutes, 15 hours more rapidly than the greatest steam-powered run.
A year later in Could of 1937, the Super Chief received all new gear, emerging as Santa Fe's very first lightweight streamliner. Its new streamlined EMC diesels debuted what was destined to grow to be one particular of the most popular railroad paint schemes in the planet, the red, silver, black and yellow, “war bonnet”. This scheme was made by EMC designer Leland A. knickerbocker, and was especially intended for the fashionable streamlined E1 locomotive. It was applied to various other locomotives more than the years and remains amongst the most recognizable of railroad paint schemes. For the subsequent 40 plus years, these colors would seem on all locomotives often assigned to Santa Fe passenger trains.
In 1938, the all-coach streamliner El Capitan was launched as the Super Chief's companion train – the two ran only a handful of minutes apart- serving economy travelers who wanted a quick trip more than the major line. As the years went by, a lot more Chiefs joined the fleet. 1948 saw the addition of the Texas Chief that ran on the Chicago-fort Worth-Houston line, and 1954's San Francisco Chief that ran on the Chicago-Kansas City-Amarillo-San Francisco line. Throughout this period the Super Chief was upgraded and now sported new sleeping vehicles, diner car or truck, and its popular Pleasure Dome Lounge.
The Pleasure Dome car or truck featured a classy lounge on its major level, though the upstairs dome section contained a raft of person, completely rotating seats for viewing. Special to the Pleasure Dome car or truck was the Turquoise Space dining location beneath the dome section, which was a private dining area that could be reserved for groups and served from the adjacent diner's kitchen.
Via constant service and periodic upgrading and innovation, the Santa Fe gained a reputation of operating the finest passenger trains in North America. This was a reputation held till Amtrak assumed operation of chosen Santa Fe passenger trains on Could 01, 1971. All through history, Santa Fe's Super Chief was generally cited as the world's greatest and most popular passenger train.